An illustration of multicloud (including cloud providers AWS, Azure, and GCP) vs. hybrid cloud (a combination of private and public clouds).
January 26, 2021

Multicloud vs. Hybrid Cloud: Pros and Cons + the Key to Success

Digital Transformation

Moving to the cloud isn’t the end of your cloud journey. In fact, many enterprises wind up considering adopting a multicloud or hybrid cloud approach as their cloud deployment matures.

Are you considering multicloud vs. hybrid cloud? What’s the best approach to reconcile cloud and your API strategy? How can they add value to each other?

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What Is the Difference Between Multicloud and Hybrid Cloud?

The difference between multicloud and hybrid cloud is that multicloud refers to multiple cloud providers, while hybrid cloud refers to a combination of public and private clouds.

So, multicloud gives you the freedom of multiple providers instead of limiting you to one. For instance, you might have some things hosted in Microsoft Azure and some hosted in Amazon Web Services (AWS). This strategy is growing in popularity. According to Gartner, 81% of public cloud users are leverage two or more providers.

Hybrid cloud allows you to have combination of public and private clouds — but they may all be hosted by the same provider. 

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Multicloud vs. Hybrid Cloud: Pros and Cons

Multicloud is a good option for growing businesses that need the flexibility of cloud independence. Hybrid cloud is a good option for businesses with regulatory concerns who may need some things hosted in a public cloud — and others hosted in a hybrid cloud.

Multicloud Pros and Cons

The following table summarizes some of the biggest pros and cons of multicloud.

Pros and Cons of Multicloud



Avoid vendor lock-in

More administrative burden to manage multiple cloud providers

Improve disaster recovery by replicating workloads across multiple cloud providers

More challenging to ensure security

Reduce costs by optimizing your cloud deployment based on pricing

More complicated to estimate costs of usage

Maximize the services of each provider

Loss of proprietary capabilities because workloads need to be portable


So, Why Use Multicloud?

Multicloud is a smart strategy for businesses seeking cloud independence. It is especially a wise decision if your business is growing.

As your business becomes more successful and your bandwidth increases, price will vary dramatically from one cloud provider to the next. So will services.

By adopting a multicloud approach, you’ll avoid vendor lock-in and increase your flexibility. This enables you to move workloads between cloud providers to take advantage of optimal pricing and services. You can decide to host some things in AWS, some in Azure, and some in Google Cloud Provider (GCP). Plus, using a multicloud approaches offers disaster recovery benefits and easier migrations.

Hybrid Cloud Pros and Cons

The following table summarizes some of the biggest pros and cons of hybrid cloud

Pros and Cons of Hybrid Cloud



Increase flexibility by scaling up or down with seasonality

More complex to maintain a private cloud

Improve disaster recovery by replicating workloads in public and private clouds

More bottlenecks as workloads move between clouds

Reduce costs by minimizing on-premises hardware

More difficult to maintain security

Maximize availability, especially for global companies

Less visibility into resources by separating them into public and private clouds

Gain full control over private cloud

Greater administrative burden

Comply with regulatory constraints


Support hardware configurations that may not be available in the cloud


Decrease latency


Why Use Hybrid Cloud?

Hybrid cloud is a smart strategy for businesses in regulated industries.

For instance, banks are restricted by regulations for what they can put in a public cloud. By using a hybrid approach, banks can have IT infrastructure in a public cloud while complying with regulations to host core systems in a private cloud.

ROI of Hybrid Cloud

Watch the webinar below to learn more benefits of hybrid cloud — and how to achieve ROI.


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Multicloud or Hybrid Cloud: Why API Management Is the Key to Success

So, is multicloud or hybrid cloud better? It depends. Multicloud is better for a strategy that leverages different cloud providers in different regions. Hybrid cloud is the recommended strategy for organizations who are regulated (or have other compelling reasons to continue to host software in their own data center or private cloud).

Either way, API management is the key to your multicloud or hybrid cloud success. An API management platform allows you to create an interaction layer that decouples client applications from the complexity of the cloud landscape.

Here are some example scenarios to help you determine the best cloud strategy.

Your APIs Need to Access Systems Hosted Across Multiple Clouds

You can secure system access through an API gateway that will manage traffic regardless of cloud — or hybrid cloud / on-premises configurations. And provide a unified interface.

In this scenario with Akana, your API gateway acts as an interaction layer. It allows client applications to interact with business cloud APIs regardless of in which cloud back-end resources are hosted. These clouds may even shift, completely transparent to the client.

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Your APIs Are Hosted on Different Clouds

Your APIs might also be hosted on different clouds for a variety of reasons — geographic availability, resiliency/disaster recovery, and so on.

In this scenario, you’d have API gateways installed across multiple clouds. Your business APIs would be deployed on those gateways. Clients will be directed to the gateway closest to them — or the one that is reported to be healthy. This will also be transparent to the client.

When you apply this strategy with Akana, you’ll have centralized management to create and update APIs, as well as configure security policies. This also allows you to switch APIs from one cloud to the next. And you can get centralized aggregated reports on how your APIs are doing across clouds.

You Have Workloads That Can’t Be Deployed to Public Cloud

You may be required by regulations not to deploy some workloads to a public cloud. So, you’ll need a private or on-premises option.

In this scenario with Akana, you can deploy API gateways in the cloud or on-premises. Like with the previous scenario, you’ll have centralized management and aggregated reporting.

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How Akana Helps You Evolve Your Cloud Strategy

To get the most out of your cloud strategy, an enterprise-grade API platform like Akana is indispensable. With Akana, you can optimally leverage cloud capabilities and services. And you can optimize your (API consumers’) user experience. That’s why you should use Akana as your API platform of choice for cloud deployments.

Deploy Akana to Best Fit Your Needs

Akana is cloud-agnostic, so you can deploy it to multiple cloud providers. You don’t have to limit yourself to one cloud strategy. Akana can adapt to your business needs — and enable you to adapt your strategy.

Example: Multicloud

If you’re working for a large global organization, you can’t limit your business to a single cloud provider. One geography might need to use AWS. Another might need to use GCP. By adopting a multicloud strategy, you can support both. And by using Akana, you can set up your environment in multiple cloud providers. Plus, Akana can help you switch from one cloud to another quickly. 

Example: Hybrid Cloud

If you’re working for a regulated organization, there are some things you can’t host in a public cloud. By using Akana, you can leverage our SaaS public cloud. But you can also use API gateway instances in your private cloud of choice for the workloads restricted by regulations. This means all you’ll have to manage is those lightweight API gateways. Akana SaaS will manage the rest of your hybrid cloud deployment.

In fact, a large bank chose the Akana platform because of its ability to have a scalable software API gateway on premises or in the cloud. Read the case study >>

Get Started With Akana

Find out how Akana can support your cloud strategy and help you get the most out of your deployment — whether it’s multicloud, hybrid cloud, or a hybrid multicloud.

Our experts will partner with you to develop the best cloud strategy for your business and set up Akana for success.

By using Akana, you can take advantage of the pros of multicloud or hybrid cloud — and limit the cons. Plus, you can gain cloud independence as your business grows.

Request a free 6-month trial of Akana today. Or check out a demo first and see how Akana works.

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